Marathon training: Is it the heat and humidity or is it me?

12 Sep
The sun begins to break through the clouds on Mississippi River Road on a September Sunday morning. We've started on long runs before the sun comes up this summer to avoid as much of the heat as possible.

The sun begins to break through the clouds on Mississippi River Road on a September Sunday morning just north of Keokuk, Iowa. We’ve started our long runs before the sun comes up this summer to avoid as much of the heat as possible.

The heat and humidity of summer can’t end soon enough for me.

Training for a marathon during an Iowa summer is enough of a challenge, but it seems that this summer — and particularly the waning days of summer — has been especially taxing.

Usually, we can expect some relief in the temperatures and the humidity in September. But in the past couple of weeks, we’ve had some of our most extreme conditions.

On Sunday, the high temperature was 102 degrees fahrenheit. I avoided the worst of that by starting my long run before the sun came up. But I couldn’t avoid the humidity, which hit 86 percent during my run. That climatic combination proved debilitating. Weighing myself after completing the run, I found I had dropped 8.5 pounds. No wonder I felt sluggish.

I turned 50 earlier this year, and I keep anticipating the day when my age will negatively impact my training, despite my best efforts. I may have reached that point. Or it may just be the recent extreme weather.

According to “Galloway’s Book on Running” by Jeff Galloway, you should adjust your race pace by 20 percent for temperatures in the 80-85 degree range.

And what’s his suggestion for adjusting your goal pace above 85 degrees? “Forget it.”

If this was truly the case, there wouldn’t be a Badwater 135 ultramarathon, which runs through Death Valley every July. But you get the idea.

I did experience this phenomenon firsthand during the Country Music Marathon in April 2009. After an excellent training cycle in the winter and early spring, I felt I was ready for a PR effort in Nashville. But the CMM was hit with some of its highest race-day temperatures to date, and — not bright enough to adjust my pace — I struggled to the finish line in the 89 degree weather.

But the conditions have been even worse lately. At least the humidity was low during the CMM. During my current training phase, the humidity has routinely been in the 45-85 percent range. This has served to further impact my training and training times.

In Sunday’s especially high humidity, I was forced to alternate running and walking intervals by the end of my 18 miler. My legs were shot. I couldn’t muster the energy to keep pushing.

But humidity and heat are a nasty duo.

You should adjust your pace by 2 minutes per mile for temperatures between 80 and 85 degrees, according to a chart at the RunOnTexas web site. But when combined with humidity that is above 60 percent, you should add 3 minutes per mile to your pace.

Subconsciously, I know that the heat and humidity will negatively impact my training. But after a long summer, I was wondering if it was just me or my age or something else altogether.

It’s important to recognize that feeling sluggish on a sticky day doesn’t indicate a lack of fitness or a lapse in mental toughness—it’s your body’s physical response to a stressful environment, according to this article on RunnersWorld.com.

“As humidity increases, thermal strain and premature fatigue increase exponentially, and so running at your normal pace will feel very difficult,” said Dr. George Chiampas, medical director of the Chicago Marathon, in the RunnersWorld.com story.

My research on the impact of heat and humidity on training has helped me feel better about my recent training runs. But nowhere have I found an article that helps predict if the training struggles will be reflected in a decreased race performance.

I guess that’s a question I’ll answer for myself when I line up on Oct. 20 for the Des Moines Marathon.

♦ ♦ ♦

Have heat and humidity affected your training runs? Your races? Can you quantify how much the weather conditions have impacted your pace? Offer your thoughts in the comment box below.

♦ ♦ ♦

The Galloway and RunOnTexas items were both referenced in this article at Over40Runner.com.

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9 Responses to “Marathon training: Is it the heat and humidity or is it me?”

  1. jonfitzsimon September 13, 2013 at 12:35 am #

    I agree with the heat and humidity. Down here in South Texas it’s bad! However training in the worst of it, has to prepare us for the best of it… Right?

    Like

    • msmidt September 13, 2013 at 8:54 am #

      I hope that’s true, Jon. The question I’d like to answer: Will my race pace reflect my training pace (admittedly not good this summer) or my training effort?

      Like

      • jonfitzsimon September 13, 2013 at 10:00 am #

        I’ve got great news for you! Your race speed will kick your training time’s butt! Mainly, you’ll have a ton over energy, excitement, nerves and adrenaline getting you through the race. Along with the volunteers and supporters cheering you on.

        Plus if your race isn’t for another month or so, the cooler weather will allow you to train in better conditions. I can’t wait until we get an actual cold front!

        Good luck!

        Like

      • msmidt September 13, 2013 at 10:06 am #

        Thanks, Jon!

        Like

  2. Allison September 13, 2013 at 9:38 am #

    Mark, you get an A for effort!! I think you’ll be fine even if your training pace has been slower than you wanted. You’re fit at 50:) and with the cooler temps and lower humidity approaching, you’ll get that 2nd wind for your final training runs! That’s my solid coaching advice!! GBR!!

    Like

    • msmidt September 13, 2013 at 10:05 am #

      Thanks for the pep talk, Al. Last year’s Des Moines marathon was such a disappointment that I was hoping for better results this year.

      Gotta get my Saturday run in early so I can reserve my spot on the couch! Nick and I may make the trip over for the Illinois game.

      Like

  3. Jim Brennan September 13, 2013 at 8:52 pm #

    I’ve always been able to run in heat, but humidity kills me.

    Like

    • msmidt September 13, 2013 at 9:04 pm #

      The humidity sure made it worse for me, Jim.

      Like

Trackbacks/Pingbacks

  1. Training by heart rate instead of pace during a sultry summer — Duh! | in the deed - October 16, 2013

    […] What effect did these conditions have on training pace? According to a couple of articles I referenced, high heat and humidity should be expected to add up to 3 minutes per mile to your training pace. Here’s my earlier post. […]

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